Man’s First Sin

Bible verse used in the podcast

  • Romans 5:12
  • Genesis 3:1-7
  • Hebrews 4:14-16
  • Luke 4:1-13, Matthew 4:1-11, Mark 1:12-13
  • James 1:13-15
  • Deuteronomy 8:3,6:16, 6:13, Psalms 91:11-21
  • Exodus 17:1-7
  • Luke 1:13, 18-20, 30-31, 34-35
  • Genesis 4:5-7
  • 1 Corinthians 10:13

The major issue

Before I talked about how Hell was created for Satan and his angels (Matthew 25:41).  There is an issue, what about man? Why do people go to hell? We can find that Satan and his angels sinned and that is why they go to Hell, but man is also in that same boat. 

12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned–

Romans 5:12 ESV

In order to understand this, we need to look back to when this event first happened. Going back to Genesis 3, we get the story of the first sin of man:

1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” 2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, 3 but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.'” 4 But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. 5 For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.

Genesis 3:1-7 ESV

Here we find that Adam and Eve directly take from the fruit that God said not to. From here is when they first disobey God and have sinned. There is something sublet to this as well. This is not just the first time we see sin, this is also the first time we see temptation.

Temptation

Often we don’t distinguish the sin and temptation but we can find that in the Bible, sin and temptation are not the same things. All become someone is tempted does not mean they have sinned otherwise we are in trouble. Jesus was tempted in the Bible and in every way we have been.

14 Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. 16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

Hebrews 4:14-16 ESV

Of course, this is not the only time we find references to Jesus being tempted. Satan tempted Jesus and you can find this in 3 of the 4 Gospels: Luke 4:1-13, Matthew 4:1-11, Mark 1:12-13. In this, you can find that Satan makes several claims, and then Jesus quotes scripture back at Satan. What interesting thing is, Jesus doesn’t give us the full picture. He quotes from Deuteronomy the whole time. Of course, we also glance over how Satan misquotes Psalms 91:11-13 (by omission). That could be a whole topic in itself. But what is interesting is what Jesus actually quotes and the context of what he quotes.

6 and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, “‘He will command his angels concerning you,’ and “‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.'” 7 Jesus said to him, “Again it is written, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.'”

Matthew 4:6-7 ESV

11 For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways. 12 On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone. 13 You will tread on the lion and the adder; the young lion and the serpent you will trample underfoot.

Psalm 91:11-13 ESV

15 for the LORD your God in your midst is a jealous God–lest the anger of the LORD your God be kindled against you, and he destroy you from off the face of the earth. 16 “You shall not put the LORD your God to the test, as you tested him at Massah.

Deuteronomy 6:15-16 ESV

Often people will note Jesus quotes scripture at Jesus and then a few would like to look it up and say this is what he quotes. But with this quote, there is something missing. What is missing is the whole context of what happened at Massah.

1 All the congregation of the people of Israel moved on from the wilderness of Sin by stages, according to the commandment of the LORD, and camped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Therefore the people quarreled with Moses and said, “Give us water to drink.” And Moses said to them, “Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test the LORD?” 3 But the people thirsted there for water, and the people grumbled against Moses and said, “Why did you bring us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?” 4 So Moses cried to the LORD, “What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me.” 5 And the LORD said to Moses, “Pass on before the people, taking with you some of the elders of Israel, and take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink.” And Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 And he called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the quarreling of the people of Israel, and because they tested the LORD by saying, “Is the LORD among us or not?”

Exodus 17:1-7 ESV

Often people wonder about this and say what does it mean to “test” or “tempt God” specifically when James says God can’t be tempted. But what is interesting here is that the issue is that they questioned his power, the authority and questioned whether or not God had good intentions to do something. This is different than saying God if you are really…. Often people ask God to move in their life during different situations. But again that is different after you spent a while in the desert literally seeing God produce a miracle everyday nd then questioning where God is. Similarly, you can find the same situation happen in Luke 1:

13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. … 18 And Zechariah said to the angel, “How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is advanced in years.” 19 And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 And behold, you will be silent and unable to speak until the day that these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time.”

Luke 1:13, 18-20 ESV

30 And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. … 34 And Mary said to the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin?” 35 And the angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy–the Son of God.

Luke 1:30-31, 34-35 ESV

On the surface, it looks like Zechariah and Mary ask the same question. Is this possible? But there is a difference in how they ask. Zechariah (being a mature member of the temple doing a religious ceremony) questions if God could really do something like this. Of course, he should have remembered the story of Abraham, but he did. His intentions were not correct from the core of the question outward. Mary on the other hand is asking out of ignorance. She genuinely doesn’t know how this could happen but does not deny the fact that it will happen. 

The seeds of Temptation

12 Blessed is the man who remains steadfast under trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive the crown of life, which God has promised to those who love him. 13 Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am being tempted by God,” for God cannot be tempted with evil, and he himself tempts no one. 14 But each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire. 15 Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and sin when it is fully grown brings forth death.

James 1:12-15 ESV

From here it is clear that there is a difference between temptation and sin. This is exactly what happens to Eve in the garden when you go back and read how she “logically” decided the fruit was safe to eat. 

6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.

Genesis 3:6 ESV

Of course, there is another situation in the Bible with temptation that happens shortly after this. It is with Cain and Abel. God addresses Cain’s temptation before he even kills Abel. 

5 but for Cain and his offering he had no regard. So Cain was very angry, and his face fell. 6 The LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry, and why has your face fallen? 7 If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door. Its desire is contrary to you, but you must rule over it.” 8 Cain spoke to Abel his brother. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.

Genesis 4:5-8 ESV

But there is a good side to things. We always look at the problem of sin but forget that there is hope at the end.

13 No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your ability, but with the temptation he will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it.

1 Corinthians 10:13 ESV

Often we act as if our problems are completely new and no one has ever dealt with our sin before. Of course, that is not true others have dealt with the same sin we have, just not in the same way we have. But there is hope at the ends because remember Jesus:

14 Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. 16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

Hebrews 4:14-16 ESV

We should have hope that even in our situation, there is hope that we can get the victory and that it is possible. Why? Because at least one man was able to do it. It may take time but God is able to deliver is and give us victory over anything. But we do need to get back to the point. We have sinned. God can help us with the recovery from sin, but what does he do with our crimes of sin?

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